The purpose of this article is to look at the importance and treatment that Spain receives in jihadist propaganda. This study offers a series of empirical observations based on a content analysis of a sample of propaganda produced by jihadist groups between January 1994 and September 2008.
The Global Jihadist Movement (GJM) has a series of well-defined objectives, which constitute the central points of their ideology. In the realization of these goals, propaganda and public communication play a central role. This article studies the evolution of the principal characteristics of GJM propaganda, analyzing over 2,000 documents issued by the GJM between 1996 and 2005.
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History demonstrates that terrorist violence is not, in itself, an efficient instrument. Generally, most terrorist groups have become extinct before realizing their ultimate aims. Moreover, although the effects of terrorism usually are spectacular in the short term and often disproportionate -both in the resources employed and the damage caused- terrorism is not a decisive method of conflict. To maximise gains, terrorism should be complemented by a series of political and social actions and, above all, these complementary strategies need to have the capacity to evolve with and adapt to complex forms of engagement.