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The evolution of the structure of jihadist terrorism in Western Europe: the case of Spain

Recent years have seen the publication of a number of studies which have examined the structure of jihadist terrorism in the West from the perspective of the existence or absence of links between grass-root militants and organisations such as Al Qaeda Central and its regional affiliates. The majority of the studies have centred their analysis on individuals and groups who have perpetrated terrorist plots, which is a logical choice given the importance of such cases and the greater information available on them.

Anatomy of Spain’s 28 Disrupted Jihadist Networks

Since the March 11, 2004 terrorist attacks in Madrid, Spanish security forces have carried out 28 operations against jihadist networks. The amount of jihadist activity in Spain demonstrates how it has become a structural phenomenon and poses a threat to Spanish and European security. This article analyzes the main characteristics of the 28 foiled networks: their origin, functions and potential links to wider terrorist organizations.

Strengths and Weaknesses of Grassroot Jihadist Networks: The Madrid Bombings

Grass-roots jihadist networks represent a launch-pad for the Global Jihad Movement, particularly in Europe and the United States. This article explores the concept of a grass-roots jihadist network, the profile of its members, and what influence the network may have on key elements within the Global Jihad Movement. The article will also analyze in detail the strengths and weaknesses of these networks. To do so, it will use the Madrid bombings in March 2004 as a case study.

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